Rosmini priest, philosopher, man of his times

by Gianni Cardinale


      24 March
      Antonio Rosmini Serbati is born in Rovereto to Modesto and Giovanna dei Conti Formenti from Biacesa sul Garda
      25 March
      He is baptized on the feast of the Virgin Mary Announced by the Angel
      He attends the Civic popular school of Rovereto
      He attends the school of Latinity
      He attends the middle school of Rovereto: the Personal Diary dates from this period in which the first entries appear
        attesting to the call to follow the Lord more closely

      Two years of private studies of philosophy, maths and physics under the guidance of the Rovereto priest Pietro Orsi
      22 November
      Rosmini enrolls at the University of Padua for theological studies; in the lectures of Canon Law he makes the
       aquaintance and friendship of Niccolò Tommaseo

      21 April
      Priestly ordination
      In the Church of San Marco in Rovereto he gives the Panegyric to the sacred and glorious memory of Pius VII
      He publishes the essay Sulla divina Provvidenza nel governo dei beni e dei mali temporali [On Divine Providence
       in the governance of temporal goods and evils]

      He stays in Milan where he makes friends with Count Giacomo Mellerio and Alessandro Manzoni
      20 February
      He begins Lent in solitude at the Mount Calvary of Domodossola and writes the Constitutions of the Institute
       of Charity

      15 May
      He is received in audience by Pope Pius VIII, who confirms him in his dual mission of writer of books and
       of founder

      In Rome he publishes the Maxims of Christian perfection
      He writes The Five Wounds of the Holy Church (published in 1846)
      20 December
      Pope Gregory XVI approves the rule of the Institute of Charity
      He writes the Philosophy of Politics and publishes the Tractatus of the moral conscience, stirring fierce reaction
       from some Jesuits

      He works out the Philosophy of Law
      Gregory XVI intervenes, imposing the “decree of silence” on the Rosminians and their adversaries
      He publishes the Theodicy
      He publishes the essay The Five Wounds of the Holy Church
      He writes the Projects of Constitution for the Papal State
      In Rome Pope Pius IX receives him in friendly fashion and invites him to prepare for the cardinalate. In November
       he accompanies the Pope during the flight and exile in Gaeta

      Pius IX exhorts Rosmini to reflect on his works «to change them or correct them or retract them»
      The Five Wounds of the Holy Church and The Civil Constitution according to social justice are put on the Index
      The Memorial, with the theses accused, signed by a score of bishops, is sent to the Pope
      The Pope subjects all the rest of Rosmini’s works to the examination of the General Congregation of the Index
      3 July
      Sentence of full absolution pronounced by the General Congregation of the Index
      1 July

      Antonio Rosmini dies in Stresa in the early hours of the day dedicated to the Most Precious Blood, to which he was very devoted


      The long path to the altars

1855: Antonio Rosmini dies at 58.

1882: First attempt at introducing the cause for beatification. It does not succeed, not least because it becomes known that the then Holy Office was examining Rosmini’s works.

1887: The Post obitum decree by the Holy Office condemns forty clauses taken from works of Rosmini.

1928: Second attempt to introduce the cause, without success.

1947, 1962, 1965, 1972: Subsequent attempts to introduce the cause, all without success.

1994: Non obstat from the Congregation of the Causes of the Saints. Finally the cause for beatification can begin. Even if the definitive go-ahead from the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith (CDF) is still lacking.

1998: The diocesan phase of the process for beatification concludes.

2001: The L'Osservatore Romano publishes a Note from the CDF that affirms: «Currently the reasons for concern and of doctrinal and prudential difficulty that determined the promulgation of the Post obitum decree can by now be considered overcome». The Congregation of the Causes of the Saints therefore releases the definitive nihil obstat for the pursuance of the cause.

2006: The Pope authorizes the publication of the decree regarding the heroic virtues of the servant of God Rosmini.

2007: The Pope authorizes the publication of the decree regarding a miracle attributed to the intercession of the venerable Rosmini; ceremony of beatification of Rosmini in Novara, presided over by Cardinal José Saraiva Martins, Prefect of the Congregation of the Causes of the Saints.